The Hospital has the latest endoscopes to perform a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that reduce complications, recovery time and costs.The hospital use three types of endoscopes to expertly diagnose and treat conditions ranging from bleeding ulcers, removing stones from the common bile duct, inserting stents in blocked bile ducts and treating cancerous tumours. The type of scope used depends on the portion of the GI tract being examined.
The department performs the full range of diagnostic tests using various types of scopes.Gastroscopy or EGD
(Esophageal Gastro-Duodenoscopy) this procedure enables the visualisation of the upper part of the GI tract – the food pipe, stomach and duodenum. It is used to diagnose conditions such as oesophageal growth, infection , varices, stomach ulcers, duodenal ulcers, gastritis, hiatus hernia, detection of tumours and cause of bleeding etc.Colonoscopy:
This procedure is done by using an endoscope to examine rectum and colon (large intestine). It is used to diagnose the cause of bleeding, such as polyps, ulcerative colitis, haemorrhoids, piles, diverticulas and tumours.Therapeutic Procedures
Endoscopes are frequently used as a therapeutic treatment.Sclerotherapy.
It is used to treat oesophageal varices or bleeding vessels and bleeding duodenal ulcers. Typically, a coagulant or ‘glue’ is injected into the target enlarged veins through an endoscope.Endoscopic Variceal Ligation (EVL):
In this condition, veins in the oesophagus are enlarged and ‘rubber bands’ are slipped over the enlarged portion through an endoscope, to constrict the veins.Hemoclips
can be placed over bleeding arteries especially in an ulcer.Colonoscopy With the use of a colonoscope, polyps can be removed (Polypectomy), bleeding lesions like divrticuli, vascular malformation, varices and ulcers can be treated.ERCP
(Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio Pancreatography) ERCP is a therapeutic tool used to treat a variety of conditions of the bile ducts and pancreas. It is popularly used to remove stones in the bile and pancreatic ducts. An ECRP scope is also used to insert stents into blocked bile and pancreatic ducts.